The word mobile‘ comes from the Latin word mobilis‘, which has the following meanings:
- Easy to move, movable, loose, not fixed, not firm
- Pliable, nimble, flexible, agile, swift and rapid
- Readily changing its expression. Able to change one‘s social status
- In a negative sense — fickle and changeable.
The Americans refer to it as a cell‘; the Germans use the term handy‘; the Japanese use keitai‘, which means phone; in China it is referred to as sho ji‘ or hand machine; in Arabic it is sometimes called makhmul‘, referring to the act of
carrying. Whatever its name or its nickname, human beings have developed a fascinating relationship with the mobile phone.
A mobile phone which was first originally invented to make and receive telephone calls while moving around a wide geographical area has now become more than just a mere technical device it has now become a key social object‘ present in every aspect of a user‘s life. Today, this palm sized device has more computational power than the big computers of the past generations and this computational power is only set to grow, therefore mobile phones has been widely accepted and adopted at a staggering rate across cultures and nations.
history of mobile ! history of mobile phones-
The first hand-held mobile phone was demonstrated by John F. Mitchel and Dr. Martin Cooper of Motorola in 1973, using a handset weighing around 1kg. In 1983, the DynaTAC 8000x was the first to be commercially available and the world‘s first commercial automated cellular network was launched in Japan in 1979 but became a mass media only in 1998 when the first downloadable ringing tones were introduced in Finland.
A turning point in the history of telecommunication was between the years 1990 to 2011, worldwide mobile phone subscriptions grew from 12.4 million to over 6 billion, penetrating about 87% of the global population, 12 leaving the other flourishing media sectors such as television and the internet far behind. Telecommunication is believed to be the fastest growing communication technology and the country which tops the total number of mobile phone users in the world is China followed closely by India
Mobile in India ! history of mobile phone in india ! history of mobile phones
Mobile telephony services were introduced in India in 1995 and by 1998 India had one million mobile phone users in its four metropolitan cities, with 45 percent in Delhi followed by Mumbai (35 percent), Calcutta (12 percent), and Chennai (8 percent). Another 500,000 or so mobile phone users existed in other towns and cities, a number that is rapidly increasing. Some analysts feel that mobile telephones would have diffused more rapidly in India if the cost of the handsets had not been high. Therefore in the last 1990‘s adopters of mobile telephones in India were primarily urban elites: corporate leaders, businessmen, professionals, and upper- income families.14 However today it is fairly inexpensive and affordable by many.
From its advent to the present day the features of a mobile phone has change drastically it is no longer a bulky and heavy device but it is a light weight, portable and user-friendly. It is a very personal device and a faithful companion. The mobile phone is no longer a purely social ommunication tool. With the 3G and 4G wireless systems, the mobile phone is no longer solely designed for talking. The third and fourth generation mobile phone services increase multimedia messaging and direct Internet access along with traditional voice communication services. With the 3G and 4G mobile phones, users have access to various services, such as phone mail, voice mail, stock prices, sports scores, restaurant reviews, movie guides, video phones, and video/audio download interactive games. The mobile media is becoming a powerful information seeking and exchanging technology.
Some of the advantages of mobile phones are as follows:
- Mobile phone keeps us in constant contact with family and friends.
- It can help us seek help immediately during emergency cases.
- It gives a sense of being financially uplifted.
- Through mobile phones one can lessen their boredom, example listen to
- their favourite music and as well as watch movies through downloading.
- It can take photos.
- Mobile phones also give us easier access to the internet.
- One can carry it anywhere and use it anytime.
- It performs a lot of useful functions like calendar, making notes, alarm clock, timer and calculator.
use of mobile phones could have a negative impact on the users and environment.
- People spend less time bonding with their family and friends.
- People just contact through phone and become too lazy meeting outside.
- Disturb us on our works and studies.
- People spend lots and lots of money buying the latest model.
- Affects our body because of radiation it produces – On 31 May 2011 the World Health Organisation confirmed that cell phon use indeed represents a health menace, and classified such phone radiation as a carcinogenic hazard, possibly to humans.
- Consumes a lot of our time.
- Mobile phone makes it easier to invade privacy.
- Mobile phone use when driving leads to an increased accident risk.
- Other negative consequences of using mobile phones include addiction or over dependency, which eventually causes other problems such as
- emotional stress, damaged relationships and falling literacy.
- Long-term cell phone use can cause neck, shoulder and low back pain.
- Previous studies also found that long-term cell phone use might lead to brain tumours.
- Intensive cell phone use has been found to be associated with adolescent alcohol drinking and weekly spending money and increased body ass index.
MOBILE PHONE ADDICTION
Psychiatrists proclaim that in the 21st century mobile phone addiction has become one of the major non-drug addictions and is widely seen among people of different age groups. A mobile phone addict can be defined as a person who constantly checks his/her phone every now and then, and the urge to check their mobile phones becomes so strong that they can‘t stop themselves even if they wish to, they become extremely attached with their mobile phone that they even starts hallucinating that their phone is ringing even when it is not. A mobile phone addict carries their phone wherever they go and use it while doing other things like studying, eating, driving and also using it in inappropriate places like church, class, lavatory and danger zone areas like petrol pumps
A mobile phone addict use the cell phone for an increasing amount of time in order to achieve satisfaction; repeat unsuccessful efforts to control, cut back, or stop cell phone use; feel lost, restless, anxious, moody, depressed, or irritable when attempting to cut down cell phone use; stay on the cell phone longer than originally intended; hide from family and friends or others to conceal the extent of involvement with the cell phone; and use the cell phone as a way of escape from problems or to relieve a dysphoric mood (e.g., feeling of isolation, anxiety, loneliness, and depression).
For a mobile phone addict the device becomes a part of them, an extension of themselves which they literally cannot do without. In a study from the UK, researchers found that mobile phone users felt that they were physically attached to the mobile phone. Many of the subjects reported that they felt they could not leave home without the mobile phone.